All About Geography and Its Types

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Geography is the study of places and the relationships between people and their environments. Geographers explore both the physical properties of Earth’s surface and the human societies spread across it. They also examine how human culture interacts with the natural environment and the way that locations and places can have an impact on people. Geography seeks to understand where things are found, why they are there, and how they develop and change over time

Geography is the spatial study of the earth’s surface (from the Greek geo, which means “Earth,” and graphein, which means “to write”). Geographers study the earth’s physical characteristics, its inhabitants and cultures, phenomena such as climate, and the earth’s place within the universe. Geography examines the spatial relationships between all physical and cultural phenomena in the world. Geographers also look at how the earth, its climate, and its landscapes are changing due to cultural intervention.

Types of Geography

Geography is divided into two main branches:

  • Physical Geography
  • Human Geography

There are additional branches in geography such as regional geography, cartography, and integrated geography (also known as environmental geography).


The study of the interrelationships between people, place, and environment, and how these vary spatially and temporally across and between locations. Whereas physical geography concentrates on spatial and environmental processes that shape the natural world and tends to draw on the natural and physical sciences for its scientific underpinnings and methods of investigation, human geography concentrates on the spatial organization and processes shaping the lives and activities of people, and their interactions with places and nature. Human geography is more allied with the social sciences and humanities, sharing their philosophical approaches.

All About Geography and Its Types

All About Geography and Its Types

Human geography consists of a number of sub-disciplinary fields that focus on different elements of human activity and organization, for example,

  • Economic geography
  • Health geography
  • Historical geography
  • Political gcultueography
  • Population geography
  • Rural geography
  • Social geography
  • Transport




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